excavation ordinary hard soil
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excavation ordinary hard soil

CHAPTER 4 - EXCAVATION AND EARTHWORK

(a) Soft or ordinary soil: - Generally any soil which yields to the ordinary application of pick and shovel, or to spade, rake or other digging implement, such as vegetable or organic soil, turf, gravel, sand, silt, loam, clay, peat, etc. (b) Hard soil: - Includes all materials which can be removed with shovel or

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Excavation Ordinary Hard Soil - greenrevolution

4.6 Excavation in ordinary soil means excavation in ordinary hard soil including stiff heavy clay, hard shale, or compact murum, or any material, which can be removed Read more Mesh type earthing as per earthing philosophy at 66kv ...

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Soil Classification in Excavation for Measurement and

2014-3-20  Soil Classification in Excavation for Measurement and Payment. All materials to be excavated is classified into one of the following classes and is paid for at the rate for that particular class of material. No distinction is made whether the material is dry, moist or wet. Any earthwork is classified under any of the following categories; in ...

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Types of Excavation Used in Construction (13 Common

2017-2-23  Types of excavation: In engineering and construction, excavation consists of using tools, equipment, or explosives for the purposes of moving soil, rocks, or other materials. Excavation is undertaken for a number of purposes, and different types of excavation are classified either by their specific purpose or the type of material being excavated.

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EXCAVATION (SHORING SLOPING) SAFETY PROCEDURE

2018-5-6  Cave-in – Separation of mass of soil or rock material from the side of an excavation ... Objects getting to eyes while chiseling rock, using jack hammers in hard strata, concrete. 6.3.2 Excavation clearance:Excavation clearance shall be taken as per Annexure I for all excavations more than 1 ft (0.3Mt) in depth. However, when excavation work is

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A Guide to OSHA Excavations Standard - Duke University

2017-9-27  An exception is hard rock, which remains firm after exposure to the elements. Soil failure is defined as the collapse of part or all of an excavation wall. The most common soil failure is typically described as an unexpected settlement, or cave-in, of an excavation. Soil sliding is the most common factor leading to soil failure.

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Stability of Slopes for Excavations in Different Soil ...

Dry silt soil. It can stand vertically and the depth of excavation of more than 15m with slight cementing on the face can be achieved. If such slopes are not cemented, then

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Specification for Earthwork in Excavation for Foundation ...

2021-11-16  Excavation. Foundation trenches shall be dug out to the exact width of foundation concrete. Sides of foundation shall be vertical. If the soil is not good and does not permit vertical sides, the sides should be sloped back or protected with timber shoring. Excavated earth shall not be placed within 1 meter (3 feet) of the edge of the trench.

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IS 3764 (1992): Code of safety for excavation work

2018-11-14  4.1.1 Sides of excavation shall be inspected by fore- man or supervisor during the course of excavation from time to time and after every rain, storm or other hazard-increasing occurrence and protection against slides and cavings shall be increased, if

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Excavation - mowhs.gov.bt

2017-8-18  Excavation Earthwork in excavation in foundation trenches or drains not exceeding 1.5m in width and 10sq.m in plan including dressing of sides ramming of bottom, disposal of surplus excavated soil within 50m lead 1.5m lift. EW0106 Hard Soil All excavation operation shall include excavation and getting out the excavated matter.

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Excavation - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Bhawani Singh, R.K. Goel, in Engineering Rock Mass Classification, 2011. Publisher Summary. Excavation of rock or soil is an important aspect of a civil engineering project. This chapter briefly discusses the methods of excavation. The excavation techniques or the methods of excavation of rocks differ from those in soil.

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Types of Excavation Used in Construction (13 Common

2017-2-23  Types of excavation: In engineering and construction, excavation consists of using tools, equipment, or explosives for the purposes of moving soil, rocks, or other materials. Excavation is undertaken for a number of purposes, and different types of excavation are classified either by their specific purpose or the type of material being excavated.

More

IS 1200-1 (1992): Methods of measurement of building

2018-11-14  excavation; Forming (or leaving) ‘dead men’ and ... Generally any soil which yields to the ordinary application of pick and shovel, or to PHA WRA. rake or other b) 4 ... Where soft/loose soil, hard/dense soil, soft/ disintegrated rock and hard rock are mixed,

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Specifications of excavation and foundation

2016-8-25  • For hard soils when the depth of excavation is less than 1.5 m, the sides of the trench do not need any external support. If the soil is loose or the excavation is deeper, some sort of shoring is required to support the sides from falling. 14.

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14) Bill of Quantities (BOQ)

2020-2-21  a. Ordinary Soil sqm 7665.85 2 b. Hard Soil sqm 5110.56 3 Earth work in excavation in foundation and trenches etc. in all kinds of soil (excluding soil containing 50% or more of shingle or small size boulders upto 30 cm size, saturated soil and rock), lift upto 1.50 m and stacking the excavated soil not more than 3 m clear from the edge of

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Stability of Slopes for Excavations in Different Soil ...

Dry silt soil. It can stand vertically and the depth of excavation of more than 15m with slight cementing on the face can be achieved. If such slopes are not cemented, then vibration would easily disturb their stability. Another undesired factor that lead to

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How much dirt can an excavator move? - Easy Plant Hire

2021-1-26  Location of the excavation ( in open area/plot excavation works could be completed efficiently in comparison to a built or restricted area) Additionally, If the soil is hard clay, and has to be loosened with a pick ax, for instance, it could take days to finish the job. If there are roots or rocks in the excavation, the job will go slower.

More

IS 3764 (1992): Code of safety for excavation work

2018-11-14  4.1.1 Sides of excavation shall be inspected by fore- man or supervisor during the course of excavation from time to time and after every rain, storm or other hazard-increasing occurrence and protection against slides and cavings shall be increased, if

More

Construction Specification 421 – Excavation

is defined as the excavation of all hard, compacted, or cemented materials that require blasting or the use of ripping and excavating equipment larger than defined for common excavation. The excavation and removal of isolated boulders or rock fragments larger than 1 cubic yard encountered in materials otherwise conforming to the definition of ...

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IS 1200-1 (1992): Methods of measurement of building

2018-11-14  excavation; Forming (or leaving) ‘dead men’ and ... Generally any soil which yields to the ordinary application of pick and shovel, or to PHA WRA. rake or other b) 4 ... Where soft/loose soil, hard/dense soil, soft/ disintegrated rock and hard rock are mixed,

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5 EXCAVATION METHODS - Legislation

2021-11-17  Excavation Work Page 28 of 47 5 EXCAVATION METHODS The nature of the excavation work being undertaken will affect the selection of an excavation method and a safe system of work. Careful consideration should be given to health and safety ... hard, compact soil soil liable to crack or crumble, and loose or running material.

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Stability of Slopes for Excavations in Different Soil ...

Dry silt soil. It can stand vertically and the depth of excavation of more than 15m with slight cementing on the face can be achieved. If such slopes are not cemented, then vibration would easily disturb their stability. Another undesired factor that lead to

More

18% GST on earthwork (Excavation in soil, hard rock ...

2019-9-3  The scope of work as defined under the agreement includes “Excavation in soil, hard rock excavation, embankment, sub-grade, shoulder, median fill etc.” Earthwork involves the removal of topsoil, along with any vegetation, before scraping and grading the area to the finished ‘formation level’.

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14) Bill of Quantities (BOQ)

2020-2-21  a. Ordinary Soil sqm 7665.85 2 b. Hard Soil sqm 5110.56 3 Earth work in excavation in foundation and trenches etc. in all kinds of soil (excluding soil containing 50% or more of shingle or small size boulders upto 30 cm size, saturated soil and rock), lift upto 1.50 m and stacking the excavated soil not more than 3 m clear from the edge of

More

How much dirt can an excavator move? - Easy Plant Hire

2021-1-26  Location of the excavation ( in open area/plot excavation works could be completed efficiently in comparison to a built or restricted area) Additionally, If the soil is hard clay, and has to be loosened with a pick ax, for instance, it could take days to finish the job. If there are roots or rocks in the excavation, the job will go slower.

More

ITEM NO DESCRIPTION RATE RATE IN WORDS PER UNIT

2013-7-29  soil and disposal of surplus excavated soil 2.8.1 All kinds of soil. 93.55 Rupees Ninety Three and Paise Fifty Five Only 1 cum 2.9 Excavation work in foundation trenches or drains not exceeding 1.5 m in width or 10 sqm on plan including dressing of sides and ramming of bottoms lift upto 1.5 m, including getting out the excavated soil and

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IS 3764 (1992): Code of safety for excavation work

2018-11-14  4.1.1 Sides of excavation shall be inspected by fore- man or supervisor during the course of excavation from time to time and after every rain, storm or other hazard-increasing occurrence and protection against slides and cavings shall be increased, if

More

Construction Specification 421 – Excavation

is defined as the excavation of all hard, compacted, or cemented materials that require blasting or the use of ripping and excavating equipment larger than defined for common excavation. The excavation and removal of isolated boulders or rock fragments larger than 1 cubic yard encountered in materials otherwise conforming to the definition of ...

More

How to Calculate earth work excavation for foundation

c) In firm soil if the excavation is deeper than 2 m the sides of the trenches shall be made bigger by allowing steps of 50 cm on either side so as to keep the slope 0.25 to 1. In loose soft or slushy soil the width of the step shall be suitably increased or the sides

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